Annual Report 2018

Canadian Postal Service Charter

The Canadian Postal Service Charter ensures that postal services remain universal, affordable, reliable, convenient, secure and responsive to Canada Post’s customers.

Our compliance to the Charter for 2018 is presented in blue after each clause.


The Canada Post Corporation was created to provide a standard of service that meets the needs of the people of Canada. The Government of Canada is committed to ensuring transparency in how Canada Post provides quality postal services to all Canadians, rural and urban, individuals and businesses, in a secure and financially self-sustaining manner.

The Government has therefore established the Canadian Postal Service Charter to describe its expectations regarding Canada Post’s service standards and related activities in providing postal services that meet the needs of consumers of postal services in Canada. These expectations are not intended to modify or derogate from Canada Post’s obligations as set out in the Canada Post Corporation Act or any other legislation.

Universal service

  1. Canada Post will maintain a postal system that allows individuals and businesses in Canada to send and receive mail within Canada and between Canada and elsewhere. Canada Post will provide a service for the collection, transmission and delivery of letters, parcels and publications.

All 16.4 million Canadian residential and business addresses were served, and international inbound and outbound services were provided to 192 countries.

  1. The provision of postal services to rural regions of the country is an integral part of Canada Post’s universal service.

Approximately 7,600 rural and suburban delivery routes served approximately 4.9 million addresses. Of the more than 6,100 postal outlets located across Canada, more than half were in rural areas.

Affordable rates

  1. Canada Post will charge uniform postage rates for letters of similar size and weight, so that letters to Canadian addresses will require the same postage, regardless of the distance to reach the recipient.

The postage rates charged for letters of similar size and weight to Canadian addresses were uniform, regardless of distance.

  1. As required by the Canada Post Corporation Act, Canada Post will charge postage rates that are fair and reasonable and, together with other revenues, are sufficient to cover the costs incurred in its operations.

For 2018, Canada Post’s basic letter rate remained at $0.85, providing excellent value for a reasonable price to consumers and small business.

  1. Canada Post will provide advance notice of and publicly advertise proposed pricing changes for regulated letter mail products and consult with consumers during the rate-setting process.

All proposed changes to regulated postage rates were published in the Canada Gazette to allow for consideration of public input prior to final Government of Canada approval.

Frequent and reliable delivery

  1. Canada Post will deliver letters, parcels and publications five days a week (except for statutory holidays) to every Canadian address, except in remote areas where less frequent service may be necessary due to limited access to the community.

Letter carriers and rural and suburban mail carriers provided scheduled five-day-a-week delivery to 99.9 per cent of the addresses they served.

  1. Canada Post will deliver to every address in Canada. This may be delivery to the door, a community mailbox, group mailbox, a rural mailbox, a postal box, general delivery at the post office or delivery to a central point in apartment/office buildings.

Canada Post delivered to every address in Canada. A breakdown of delivery methods is in the chart under paragraph 19.

  1. Canada Post will deliver letter mail:

    • Within a community within two business days;

    • Within a province within three business days; and

    • Between provinces within four business days.

The labour disruption in 2018 affected our entire network, including service performance levels. Overall on-time service performance for Domestic Lettermail delivery in 2018 was 93 per cent.

Convenient access to postal services

  1. Canada Post will provide an extensive network for accessing postal services that includes retail postal outlets, stamp shops and street letterboxes, as well as access to information and customer service through Canada Post’s website and call centres.

In addition to more than 6,100 full-service postal outlets and thousands of places to buy stamps, Canada Post offered 24/7 access to for online services, such as tracking a package, registering a change of address and purchasing postage.

Canada Post also provided approximately 947,000 collection points where postal items could be deposited. This includes approximately 707,000 rural mailboxes, 206,000 community mailboxes and 23,000 street letter boxes, along with our postal outlets and other locations.

  1. Canada Post will provide retail postal outlets, including both corporate post offices and private dealer operated outlets which are conveniently located and operated, so that:

    • 98 per cent of consumers will have a postal outlet within 15 km;

    • 88 per cent of consumers will have a postal outlet within 5 km; and

    • 78 per cent of consumers will have a postal outlet within 2.5 km.

In 2018, 98.8 per cent of Canadians lived within 15 km of a postal outlet, 90.8 per cent within 5 km, and 79.2 per cent within 2.5 km.

  1. The moratorium on the closure of rural post offices is maintained. Situations affecting Canada Post personnel (e.g., retirement, illness, death, etc.) or Canada Post infrastructure (e.g., fire or termination of lease, etc.) may, nevertheless, affect the ongoing operation of a post office.

In 2018, personnel or infrastructure issues affected 145 post offices covered by the moratorium. In 91 cases, retail services to the community were maintained through staffing of vacancies and in 14 cases retail services were provided in a neighbouring community. Remaining cases are undergoing staffing actions or being reviewed through further community consultation. In all cases, delivery services for the community were maintained without disruption.

Secure delivery

  1. Canada Post will take into consideration the security and privacy of the mail in every aspect of mail collection, transmission and delivery.

The Security and Investigation Services group conducts its operations in accordance with the Canada Post Corporation Act and other regulatory and legislative authorities. Canada Post Corporation is subject to the Privacy Act.

Community outreach and consultation

  1. Where Canada Post plans to change delivery methods, Canada Post will communicate, either in person or in writing, with affected customers and communities at least one month in advance to explain decisions and explore options that address customer concerns.

In all instances, Canada Post provided advance notice and extensive consultation with affected households before implementing any changes.

  1. At least one month before deciding to permanently close, move or amalgamate corporate post offices, Canada Post will meet with affected customers and communities to jointly explore options and find practical solutions that address customer concerns.

In 2018, six urban corporate post offices came under review. Affected customers and communities were notified and consulted at least one month in advance of any proposed change.

  1. Each year, Canada Post will hold an Annual Public Meeting open to the public to provide an opportunity for the public to express views, ask questions and provide feedback to Canada Post.

Canada Post held its Annual Public Meeting on December 12, 2018, in Ottawa.

Responding to complaints

  1. Canada Post will establish and promulgate complaint resolution processes that are easily accessible to customers and will address complaints in a fair, respectful and timely manner.

In 2018, Customer Service received 3.6 million customer calls and over 1.1 million electronic customer inquiries through chat, email, fax, social media and online service tickets.

  1. The Canada Post Ombudsman will investigate complaints about compliance with the Canadian Postal Service Charter in situations where customers remain unsatisfied after they have exhausted Canada Post’s complaint resolution processes.

The Ombudsman is the final appeal authority in complaints resolution at Canada Post. More information can be found on the Office of the Ombudsman’s website at

Reporting on performance

  1. Each year in its Annual Report, Canada Post will report on its performance against each of the expectations in this Canadian Postal Service Charter.

  2. In addition, Canada Post will present in its Annual Report an overview of the delivery methods it uses, indicating the number of addresses served with each delivery method and the financial costs associated with each method of delivery.

Number of
% of total
Average annual
cost per address
Door to door 4,201,703 26% $290
Centralized point (e.g. apt. lobby lockbox) 4,359,962 27% $122
Group mailbox, community mailbox, kiosk 5,395,814 33% $145
Delivery facility (postal box, general delivery) 1,714,909 10% $74
Rural mailbox 706,436 4% $263
All methods 16,378,824 100% $174
Door to door Centralized point (e.g. apt. lobby lockbox) Group mailbox, community mailbox, kiosk Delivery facility (postal box, general delivery) Rural mailbox All methods
Number of
4,201,703 4,359,962 5,395,814 1,714,909 706,436 16,378,824
% of total
26% 27% 33% 10% 4% 100%
Average annual
cost per address
$290 $122 $145 $74 $263 $174  

Reviewing the Charter

  1. The Government will review the Canadian Postal Service Charter every five years after its adoption to assess the need to adapt the Charter to changing requirements.

In 2018, the government affirmed that Canada Post is expected to continue to meet the expectations laid out in the Charter.